What Are the Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury Among Worst Personal Injuries

Personal injury lawyers know the havoc that a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can wreak on a person’s life. Since the brain is pretty much the central command system of our bodies, damages to it can result in serious changes in a person’s lifestyle. It can affect all aspects of a person’s life: emotional, mental, and physical. Let us discover the multi-faceted effects of TBI one by one.

Cognitive Loss

This effect deals with how the person thinks, logically assesses information, and remembers things. Different parts of the brain have different functions. An injury to a particular part of the brain can damage how that part works. As a result, a person may significantly lose his ability to read, understand, focus, speak, and solve problems.

Memory is a critical cognitive function. All the information we see, hear, taste, smell and feel are stored in specific parts of the brain, like a filing cabinet. For instance, when we say “apple,” the brain pulls the right color from one cabinet, pulls the correct shape from another, and forms a picture of an apple on our head. All of these are possible because of the interconnecting network of neurons in our brain.

After a TBI, the brain’s capacity to organize this information may be impaired. You will not remember the names and faces of the people you just met. You will forget what another person just told you about. You will find it very difficult to learn new things.

Language Loss

Communication issues are common to people who suffer from TBI, which is why personal injury lawyers often see to it that family is present when they meet with a TBI victim. Language requires several parts of the brain to be fully functional, including cognitive ability. An injured brain can make the victim struggle with communication, along with other effects of TBI.

Language loss, or aphasia, affects the individual in such a way that nothing he hears seems to make sense. Imagine listening to a baby. The baby thinks that he is communicating words, but we adults know that he is not. Turn the situation around. If you are suffering from aphasia, it feels like you are listening to babies all the time. Victims also find it difficult to read or write.

Some people can still manage to speak. However, you will notice that they cannot move on from one topic to another. This is called “perseveration.” Even after the group has moved on, the victim will go back to the same subject. This may also manifest in physical form in which the victim repeats the same action over and over again, like pouring water from a pitcher into a glass.

Emotional Loss

Victims of TBI generally lose empathy. They fail to perceive another person’s feelings, including their own. They also lose self-awareness, or the ability to think of one’s actions. Without this, the victim will never know if he has offended someone, which can be a cause of frustration and misunderstanding within the family or in social circles.

TBI can also change a person’s personality altogether. This creates an emotional vacuum within the family and friends as they see the victim completely change. The person they once knew is physically around but is emotionally gone. TBI can result in extreme mood swings – happy one second then depressed and crying the next. Even a seemingly trivial thing, like a radio’s crackling noise, can make them angry or depressed.

Physical Loss

TBI will not take away your tongue, but it will impair how you use it. It is not uncommon for victims to have difficulty speaking because the part of the brain that sends signals to different parts of the body does not function normally anymore. This is different from language loss. In a physical loss, the language is in the brain, but the brain cannot tell the body to say it.

Mobility is also commonly affected. Since the brain’s particular region, which is in charge of sending a command to the muscles, does not work properly anymore, the victim will find it difficult to move. Movement becomes so slow or in some cases, they cannot walk, even if the legs and feet themselves were not damaged.

Weakness and paralysis are both common. Most of the time, one side of the body does not respond in the same way as the other. They may have episodes of muscle spasms and sometimes, the motor movement is very limited, as if they lost flexibility. In cases like this, they need physical therapy and constant care because they cannot take off their clothes, much less care for their hygienic needs.

If you or a loved one has suffered TBI due to the negligence of another party, contact the experienced personal injury lawyers at Wilshire Law Firm for immediate legal assistance.

Last Updated: 03-24-2017